I've done LED flasher type circuits before on here but usually they were for something someone wanted so they did specific things like fade in and out and so on.
So I thought for a little 10 minute project I would do one of the very first projects I ever made as a little boy. I was very proud when I made my first LED flash. it's not like now where people just load up the "blink" sketch in Arduino. this is a proper old school relaxation oscillator.
my original one had a few more components but I've managed to whittle this down to 3 resistors, 2 transistors and a capacitor + an LED obviously.
this particular circuit is known as a relaxation oscillator and there's lots of theory and stuff behind that but in extremely simple terms: it charges a capacitor until something "disturbs" it. in this case the "disturbance" is the threshold voltage of Q2 (the voltage at which the Base conducts) this quickly discharges the capacitor which results in a short blink.
which looks nicer than the conventional square wave oscillator which the LED stays on the same length of time as it is off
everyone loves a flashing LED
|if you get this reference then you're ace.|